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Why one of the Giza pyramids is called the Great Pyramid?

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.

giza great pyramid

image source: wikimedia commons

The Great Pyramid at Giza is a symbol of Egypt itself. In the 26th century BC, as Egyptain civilization was reaching its height, three kings- Khufu, his son Khafre, and his grandson Menkure ordered the construction of three huge pyramids that would serve as their tombs. The first of these, the Great Pyramid, is the largest ever built. It stands with the other tow pyramids, and the Great Sphinx, in a cluster near the town of Giza.



The Egyptians believed that life would continue after death in a form similar to that experienced on Earth. Thus, in Egypt, a dwelling place was provided for the dead in the form of a pyramid, or a rock tomb. It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for Fourth Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu (often Hellenicised as "Cheops") and was constructed over a 20-year period. Khufu's vizier, Hemon, or Hemiunu, is believed by some to be the architect of the Great Pyramid.The Great pyramid is 230 metres long on each side, 143 metres high, and is composed of 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging 2500 kilos in weight. Until the 19th century, it was the tallest building in the world.