Why was the Great Wall of China built?

Imagine an enormous stone snake thousands of kilometers long, writhing in endless coils over rugged mountains, stretching out over hills and valleys, until it disappears over the horizon.

Then you will have an idea of why the Great Wall of China is considered one of the wonders of the world.

The Great Wall is the world’s longest man-made structure, stretching over approximately 6,400 km from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Bur in the west.

great wall of china

image source: wikimedia commons

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC these, later joined together and made bigger and stronger, are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built 220–206 BCE by Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall is from the Ming Dynasty.

The Great Wall of China was very important throughout China’s history. It was built and remodeled throughout many historical dynasties of China for several reasons. It was constructed for protection from northern invaders. The Great Wall that can still be seen today was built during the Ming Dynasty.